The day of truth has come for Catalonia. The region surrounding Barcelona will meet a crucial election tomorrow in which the people will decree whether following within the Spanish State or going further with the negotiations to separate from Madrid and build and independent state. Differently from the UK in the Scotland affair, anyways, the Spanish government doesn’t grant any right for Catalans to decide about their own destiny, and a victory of the pro-independence front (that is largely expected) will drag the region into a dramatic situation of political stalemate. As you may expect, the discussion is very heated, as anyone is questioning about the many aspects that the independence implies.
Sometimes a link is better than thousand words, especially if it will redirect you to the Catalan News Agency website, one of the most complete resources for updates from Catalonia in English, where you can make up your mind about this complex matter. On this blog, I think we’d better focus on the implications of a possible declaration of independence over the Catalan research system, that is one of the most growing and dynamic in Europe. A swift browse on the Catalan bio- region official website will return a fair picture of the vitality of this area in Science production, accounting for hundreds companies that have doubled in the last decade and hundreds research groups included in dozens of research centres, hospitals and universities. A swift calculation attests that one worker out of four in Catalonia is employee in Research and Development area at any level.
It is not surprising that the 11 internationally renowned Catalan scientists’ declaration in favor of the independence from Spain had an explosive effect on the electoral campaign. On September 22nd, scientists like Jaume Bertranpetit (UPF evolutionary biologists known for its studies in human genome evolution), Xavier Estivill (CRG Group Leader working in non-coding RNA and diseases) and the Princeton professor Joan Ramon Resina, signed a document in which they affirm that voting for the independence “is the best option to maintain the good work and the consensus achieved through many years” and that the new Catalan state will have the opportunity to “increase the resources that science requires and provide the state structures to guarantee the consolidation and growth of the research system“.
Catalan scientists basically blame the Spanish government on two main points. First, according to the document signatories, Spain didn’t support enough science, having cut the national funding way too much to guarantee a good competitiveness of the Spanish research. In this, there is also a matter of redistribution. The criteria adopted from the Spanish Ministry of Science are claimed to be not meritocratic and to respond to mere political interests. Second, the same structure of Spanish academia is argued to be not satisfactory in terms of dynamism and effectiveness, as a major autonomy in the decisions for universities and research centres is strongly advocated.
I have not enough information to propose opinion of mine, and after my short experience here in Barcelona I can just appreciate the huge potential this area has in Science. Anyways, we may try to find an interpretation, and even realise that what is going on in Catalonia is just the reflection of something far more extended.
About ten years ago, the Marxist philosophers Antonio Negri and Michael Hardt proposed that, in the current postmodern age, the production strategy changed from a Fordist factory- based structure into a city- based network. The idea starts from the assumption that technological advancements moved cognitive work to the centre of industrial production. The city thus become the “factory” of the new era, because of its role in interconnecting individuals, research centres, facilities and small enterprises in a peer production cluster. Any city- factory is included in the network and the network is regulated over a large scale, ideally over a global scale, but more realistically over a continental scale. While during the modern age the system’s core was a conjunction of industrial areas that were interacting at national and international level, in the post- modernity the system is based on productive clusters, the cities, interacting at continental and global level. The consequences in politics are pretty clear. National states end up ceding power downward to those institutions that are able to govern the single peers, and upward to those organisations acting at a continental or global level. This is strikingly evident in Europe, and we can tell that it is the main force driving the European integration. During the last decades many national states have reformed their structure to grant a major autonomy to local and city governments and, on the other side, the birth of the Euro displaced the economical governance towards the UE institutions.
Actually, Negri and Hardt’s view has been deeply controverted by those who claim that it is not fully capable to draw a realistic picture of the whole system, and that it just works, to some extent, in describing the quaternary sector of economy. Even if most of these critics may have sense, we can still rely on this city-factory model, since our interest in this discussion is limited to scientific production. What Catalan scientists have understood is that their future challenges will be played both locally, over the Barcelona area, and more widely over the European Research Area. The city needs a full decisional autonomy to freely interact with the other peers at European and global level, in a game that is getting way too hard for the dated and cumbersome Spanish state, that is not able to be a good teammate anymore.
No one can really tell how it will end. Tomorrow, a large pro- independence majority is expected, but even a defeat won’t most likely stop the growth of the separatist sentiment, so deeply rooted in the new generations. The controversy between Barcelona and Madrid will drag on for years, bringing along the symbolic meaning of how Europe is changing.
There is a funny word pun that Catalans use to remark their sense of belonging to their own land. In Catalan, you just need to move a single letter to transform the sentence I live in Catalonia, Visc a Catalunya into the catch Long live Catalonia, Visca Catalunya. The only personal comment I can add is that I am overjoyed to have the possibility to give my tiny contribution to such a thrilling scientific environment. And in any case, and with any political scenario, I will keep trying to do my best as researcher and citizen to keep Science growing on this side of the Mediterranean. Because whether Spain or not, jo visc a Catalunya, visca Catalunya.